CAMP NOU BARCELONA
Camp Nou (Catalan elocution: [kamˈnɔw], "new field", regularly alluded to as the Nou Camp in English) is the home stadium of FC Barcelona since its finish in 1957.
With a seating limit of 99,354, it is the biggest stadium in Spain and Europe, and the second biggest affiliation football stadium on the planet in size. It has facilitated two European Cup/Champions League finals in 1989 and 1999, two UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals, four Inter-Cities Fairs Cup last diversions, five UEFA Super Cup last recreations, four Copa del Rey finals, two Copa de la Liga last amusements, twenty-one Supercopa de España last diversions, five matches including the opening session of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, two out of four matches at the 1964 European Nations' Cup and the football rivalry last at the 1992 Summer Olympics.
The development of Camp Nou began on 28 March 1954 as Barcelona's past stadium, Camp de Les Corts, had no space for extension. Albeit initially wanted to be known as the Estadi del FC Barcelona, the more mainstream name Camp Nou was utilized. The June 1950 marking of László Kubala, viewed as one of Barcelona's most prominent players, gave encourage stimulus to the development of a bigger stadium.
The draftsmen were Francesc Mitjans and Josep Soteras, with the coordinated effort of Lorenzo García-Barbón.
Early years and the 1982 World Cup
In May 1972, Camp Nou facilitated its first European Cup Winners' Cup last amongst Rangers and Dynamo Moscow. Officers won the match with a score of 3– 2. The 1970s denoted a defining moment for Barcelona with the marking of another player, Johan Cruyff, in 1973. Electronic scoreboards were introduced in the stadium two years after the fact.
The stadium experienced an extension in 1980, fully expecting the 1982 FIFA World Cup, which included boxes, VIP relax, another press region, new markers and the development of the third level, which was littler in tallness than the first outline by 6 meters (46.60 meters contrasted with the first plan of 52.50 meters). The extension of the stadium included 22,150 new seats, taking the aggregate seating ability to 71,731, and the standing limit was extended by 16,500 to 49,670, taking the aggregate stadium limit (situated and standing joined) to 121,401. FC Barcelona's record participation was determined to 5 March 1986 in the European Cup quarter-last against Juventus before 120,000 onlookers, only 1,401 short of the stadium's ability.
Camp Nou was one of a few stadiums utilized all through the 1982 World Cup, facilitating the introduction service on 13 June. It likewise facilitated a greater number of matches in that competition than any of the 16 different stadiums utilized all finished Spain, including the opening match, where the conventional opening functions occurred (counting the discharging of a pigeon). Before 95,000, Belgium annoys the shielding champions Argentina 1– 0 in that opening match. It at that point facilitated three round-robin coordinates between the Soviet Union, Poland, and Belgium, which Poland wound up winning and qualifying from to achieve the semi-finals, where they played Italy at the Camp Nou, losing 2– 0; Italy went ahead to win the last match, which was played at Real Madrid's Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid.
The stadium's ability has differed significantly finished the years, opening at 106,146, however developing to 121,401 for the 1982 FIFA World Cup.
Aside from facilitating Barcelona, Camp Nou is home to the Catalan team. The stadium is every now and again utilized for other football occasions. The European Cup last amongst Milan and Steaua București were hung on 24 May 1989, with the Italian club winning 4– 0. Camp Nou facilitated some portion of the football rivalry, including the last, in the 1992 Summer Olympics. In anticipation of these matches, two extra levels of seating were introduced over the past rooftop line.
Camp Nou experienced little change after 1982, with the exception of the opening of the club historical center in 1984. The stadium experienced a facelift in 1993– 94, in which the pitch was brought down by 2.5 meters (8 feet), the security hole that isolated the garden from the displays was expelled, and standing room was wiped out for singular seating. Another press box, remodel of the presidential show-off and boxes, new stopping under the principle show off, and new lighting and sound frameworks were finished in time for the 1998– 99 season. In 1999, UEFA prohibited standing segments in stadiums, and Camp Nou's ability settled to its current level. The stadium facilitated the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final soon thereafter where Manchester United played Bayern Munich. Joined won 2– 1, returning from 0– 1 down in damage time.
Amid 1998– 99, UEFA appraised Camp Nou a five-star stadium for its administrations and functionalities. However, according to the 2010 directions, UEFA does not distribute a rundown of the best scenes.
In 2000, fans were surveyed concerning the stadium's name. Of the 29,102 votes the club got, a sum of 19,861 (68.25%) favored Camp Nou to Estadi del FC Barcelona, and in this manner, the official name was changed to the prevalent nickname.
The offices presently incorporate a memorabilia shop, smaller than usual pitches for preparing matches, and a house of prayer for the players. The stadium additionally houses the second-most went by the gallery in Catalonia, FC Barcelona Museum, which gets in excess of 1.2 million guests for each year.
On 1 October 2017, Barcelona's alliance coordinate against Las Palmas was played in an unfilled Camp Nou because of political unrest in the region.
Remodel and extension
The club issued a worldwide delicate to redesign the stadium as a festival of the stadium's fiftieth commemoration. The goal was to make the office a coordinated and exceptionally noticeable urban condition. The club plotted to build the seating limit by 13,500, with at any rate half of the aggregate seating to be undercover. The aim was to make it the third-biggest stadium on the planet (as far as seating limit), after the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in the USA (297,000 limits), and the Rungnado May Day Stadium in North Korea (114,000 limits).
On 18 September 2007, the British draftsman Norman Foster and his organization were chosen to "rebuild" Camp Nou. With an expected cost of €250 million, the arrangement incorporated the expansion of approximately 6,000 seats for a most extreme limit of 105,000. The FC Barcelona board affirmed the offer of their previous preparing ground (the Mini Estadi) against noteworthy restriction keeping in mind the end goal to back the renovating. The task was intended to start in 2009 and to be done for the 2011– 12 season. However, because of the 2008 monetary emergency, the offer of the preparation ground was put off and similarly the redesigning venture. In May 2010, Sandro Rosell, at that point a contender for leader of FC Barcelona, expelled the likelihood of offering the Mini Estadi, saying it is shaky to "offer the royal gems", and his race on 30 June 2010 viably stopped the arrangement to redesign Camp Nou.
In January 2014, Barcelona's top managerial staff dismissed the choice of building another stadium because of money related imperatives and rather picked to rebuild the Camp Nou to bring the limit up to 105,000. The task is relied upon to cost around £495 million (€600 million) with work starting in 2017 with a culmination date of mid-2021 with a standout amongst the most costly seat to cost of development ratios. A refined arrangement was discharged on 26 May 2015, indicating plans to include an overhang over the stands, and demonstrating the plans for seating extension in more prominent detail.
Camp Nou has been utilized for different purposes other than football, frequently facilitating significant shows. Pope John Paul II commended mass for an assemblage of more than 121,500 at Camp Nou on 17 November 1982, on the event being made a privileged native of Barcelona.
In 1983, Julio Iglesias played for 60,000 individuals, in what was portrayed as a "most flawlessly coordinated" concert. Other prominent exhibitions at Camp Nou incorporate those by Bruce Springsteen on 3 August 1988 amid his Tunnel of Love Express Tour, and again on 19 and 20 July 2008 amid his Magic Tour. On 9 August 1988, Michael Jackson showed up at the stadium before 95,000 fans amid his Bad World Tour. On 10 September 1988, a philanthropy show sorted out by Amnesty International to help human rights included, among others, Bruce Springsteen, Sting, Peter Gabriel, Youssou N'Dour, Tracy Chapman, and El Último de la Fila. A show by the Three Tenors – Josep Carreras, Plácido Domingo and Luciano Pavarotti – was hung on 13 July 1997. On August 3, 1988, Bruce Springsteen showed up before 90,000 individuals on the passage of Love express visit. He returned on September 3, 1988, to show up before again 90,000 on the human rights visit.
U2 performed at the stadium three times: the first was on 7 August 2005 amid their Vertigo Tour, before a sold-out horde of 81,269 individuals. The second and the third were on 30 June and 2 July 2009 amid their U2 360° Tour, before an aggregate horde of 182,055 individuals. The reprise execution of "I'll Go Crazy If I Don't Go Crazy Tonight" from the second 2009 show was taped for the music video of the single.
On 4 November 2014, Ligue Nationale de Rugby (LNR), which works France's expert rugby association alliances, reported that the 2015– 16 Top 14 last would be held at the Camp Nou on 24 June 2016. The Top 14 last is customarily held at the Stade de France in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. Be that as it may, the planning of the 2015 Rugby World Cup caused the 2015– 16 French season to be moved by a little while, thus causing the Stade de France to be inaccessible on the grounds that it would be a noteworthy scene for UEFA Euro 2016. The match, at last, drew a horde of 99,124, setting another record for participation at a residential rugby match.
Around 680 meters from Camp Nou there is the Trambaix Avinguda de Xile station (lines T1, T2 and T3).
The stadium is available from the Barcelona Metro with the nearest stations to Camp Nou are Palau Reial, Maria Cristina, and Les Corts, on L3; Badal on L5 and Collblanc on L5 or L9. All are 500 to 1,000 meters from Camp Nou, contingent upon which of the entryways (gets to) to Camp Nou are utilized. Normally metro administrations are expanded when there is a match with huge traveler blockage regardless.
The nearest station to each entrance:
- Gets to 1– 10: Palau Reial.
- Gets to 11– 16: Collblanc.
- Gets to 17 and 18: Badal.
- Gets to 19– 21: les Corts.
As of now a station for Camp Nou is under development, on L9 and L10.
The transport lines with a stop near Camp Nou are TMB lines:
- 7 – Diagonal Mar/Z. Universitària
- 15 – Hosp. St. Pau/Collblanc
- 33 – Z. Universitària/Verneda
- 43 – Les Corts/Sant Adrià
- 50 – Collblanc/Trinitat Nova
- 54 – Estació Nord/Campus Nord
- 59 – Pg. Marítim/R. M. Cristina
- 63 – Pl. Universitat/Sant Joan Despí
- 67 – Pl. Catalunya/Cornellà
- 70 – Sants/Pg. Bonanova
- 72 – Distr. Gran Via l'Hospitalet/Bonanova
- 74 – Z. Universitària/Fabra I Puig
- 75 – Les Corts/Av. Tibidabo
- 78 – Est. Sants/St. Joan Despí
- 113 – La Mercè
- V5 – Pedralbes/Mare de Déu de Port
- H8 – Camp Nou/La Maquinista
- D20 – Pg. Marítim/Ernest Lluch
- L12 – Barcelona (Pl. Reina Maria Cristina)/Cornellà (Almeda)
Nitbus (roughly 22.30h-5h):
- N2 – Hospitalet (Av. Carrilet)/Barcelona (Via Augusta)
- N3 – Collblanc/Montcada I Reixac
- N12 – Barcelona (Pl. Entryway de la Pau)/St. Feliu de Llob. (La Salut)
- N14 – Barcelona (Rda. Universitat)/Castelldefels (Center vila)
Typically the lines 15, 43 and 56 benefit is ventured up, contingent upon the request that may happen. Aside from that, there are two unique lines to Mossèn Jacint Verdaguer Square and to Catalunya Square when there are matches.
The stadium is a noteworthy 13.7 kilometers (8.5 mi) far from the El Prat International Airport which is a 40-minute drive thinking about the city's activity. It is conceivable to utilize the L9 from the airplane terminal specifically to Collblanc, and stroll for around 9– 12 minutes to the stadium as an elective course.